• Short multiplication - three digits by one digit
  • Course: Mathematics
  • Grade: Year 6
  • Section: Multiplication
  • Outcome: Multiplication - Two digits X One Digit - written strategy
  • Activity Type: Printable
  • Activity ID: 4460


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United Kingdom – National Curriculum expand/collapse

  • KS2 – Key Stage 2
    • KS2.Ma2 – Number and algebra
      • Knowledge, skills and understanding

        • Solving numerical problems

          • KS2.Ma2.4 – Pupils should be taught to:

            • KS2.Ma2.4.a – Choose, use and combine any of the four number operations to solve word problems involving numbers in 'real life', money or measures of length, mass, capacity or time, then perimeter and area

        • Using and applying number

          • KS2.Ma2.1 – Pupils should be taught to:

            • Problem solving

              • KS2.Ma2.1.a – Make connections in mathematics and appreciate the need to use numerical skills and knowledge when solving problems in other parts of the mathematics curriculum

        • Numbers and the number system

          • KS2.Ma2.2 – Pupils should be taught to:

            • Integers

              • KS2.Ma2.2.c – Read, write and order whole numbers, recognising that the position of a digit gives its value; use correctly the symbols <, >, =; multiply and divide any integer by 10 or 100 then extend to multiplying and dividing by 1000; round integers to the nearest 10 or 100 and then 1000; order a set of negative integers, explaining methods and reasoning; multiply and divide decimals by 10 or 100

        • Calculations

          • KS2.Ma2.3 – Pupils should be taught to:

            • Number operations and the relationships between them

              • KS2.Ma2.3.a – Develop further their understanding of the four number operations and the relationships between them including inverses; use the related vocabulary; choose suitable number operations to solve a given problem, and recognise similar problems to which they apply

            • Mental methods

              • KS2.Ma2.3.h – Multiply and divide, at first in the range 1 to 100 [for example, 27 x 3, 65 ÷ 5], then for particular cases of larger numbers by using factors, distribution or other methods

            • Written methods

              • KS2.Ma2.3.j – Use written methods for short multiplication and division by a single-digit integer of two-digit then three-digit then four-digit integers, then of numbers with decimals; then use long multiplication, at first for two-digit by two-digit integer calculations, then for three-digit by two-digit calculations; extend division to informal methods of dividing by a two-digit divisor [for example, 64 ÷ 16]; use approximations and other strategies to check that their answers are reasonable

Australia – Australian Curriculum expand/collapse

  • Year 4
    • Number and Algebra
      • Number and place value

        • ACMNA075 – Recall multiplication facts up to 10 * 10 and related division facts

        • ACMNA076 – Develop efficient mental and written strategies and use appropriate digital technologies for multiplication and for division where there is no remainder

      • Patterns and algebra

        • ACMNA082 – Solve word problems by using number sentences involving multiplication or division where there is no remainder

  • Year 5
    • Number and Algebra
      • Number and place value

        • ACMNA098 – Identify and describe factors and multiples of whole numbers and use them to solve problems

        • ACMNA100 – Solve problems involving multiplication of large numbers by one- or two-digit numbers using efficient mental, written strategies and appropriate digital technologies

New Zealand – National Standards expand/collapse

  • 7 – Year 7
    • 7.NA – Number and algebra
      • 7.NA.1 – Apply additive and multiplicative strategies flexibly to whole numbers, ratios, and equivalent fractions (including percentages)

  • 5 – Year 5
    • 5.NA – Number and algebra
      • 5.NA.1 – Apply additive and simple multiplicative strategies and knowledge of symmetry to:

        • 5.NA.1.a – Combine or partition whole numbers

  • 6 – Year 6
    • 6.NA – Number and algebra
      • 6.NA.1 – Apply additive and simple multiplicative strategies flexibly to:

        • 6.NA.1.a – Combine or partition whole numbers, including performing mixed operations and using addition and subtraction as inverse operations

United States – Common Core State Standards expand/collapse

  • 4 – Grade 4
    • 4.NBT – Number & Operations in Base Ten (Grade 4 expectations in this domain are limited to whole numbers less than or equal to 1,000,000.)
      • Mathematics

        • 4.NBT.5 – Multiply a whole number of up to four digits by a one-digit whole number, and multiply two two-digit numbers, using strategies based on place value and the properties of operations. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models.

  • 5 – Grade 5
    • 5.NBT – Number & Operations in Base Ten
      • Mathematics

        • 5.NBT.5 – Fluently multiply multi-digit whole numbers using the standard algorithm.