Knowledge, skills and understanding
Numbers and the number system
KS2.Ma2.2 – Pupils should be taught to:
Number patterns and sequences
KS2.Ma2.2.b – Recognise and describe number patterns, including two- and three-digit multiples of 2, 5 or 10, recognising their patterns and using these to make predictions; make general statements, using words to describe a functional relationship, and test these; recognise prime numbers to 20 and square numbers up to 10 x 10; find factor pairs and all the prime factors of any two-digit integer
Samples: Investigating number patterns. Patterns and multiplication. Multiplication, Patterns and Algebra.
Calculations
KS2.Ma2.3 – Pupils should be taught to:
Written methods
KS2.Ma2.3.j – Use written methods for short multiplication and division by a single-digit integer of two-digit then three-digit then four-digit integers, then of numbers with decimals; then use long multiplication, at first for two-digit by two-digit integer calculations, then for three-digit by two-digit calculations; extend division to informal methods of dividing by a two-digit divisor [for example, 64 ÷ 16]; use approximations and other strategies to check that their answers are reasonable
Samples: Short multiplication. Multiplying by 10. Multiplying by 10, 100 or 1000. Share 12 using division symbol.
Number and place value
ACMNA100 – Solve problems involving multiplication of large numbers by one- or two-digit numbers using efficient mental, written strategies and appropriate digital technologies
Samples: Short multiplication. Multiplying two digit numbers with a one digit number. .
6.NA.1 – Apply additive and simple multiplicative strategies flexibly to:
6.NA.1.a – Combine or partition whole numbers, including performing mixed operations and using addition and subtraction as inverse operations
Samples: Place value - four digit numbers. Ordering large numbers. Short multiplication. Addition of three digit numbers.